Down syndrome is a genetic condition that involves an extra, critical portion of chromosome 21 present in all or some of their cells. This additional genetic material alters the course of development for the individual.
Every individual with Down syndrome has unique symptoms to varying degrees. These include, but are not limited to, decreased muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm.
The goal of physical therapy
The objective of physical therapy for children with Down syndrome is to help control and manage the compensatory mechanisms that arise as a result of muscle deficits.
A physical therapist will evaluate the function of the joints, muscles and posture in children and create an intervention plan to help the child integrate into society. Children with Down syndrome exhibit a range of comprehension delays and physical movement deficits, from very mild to severe.